Compact UHF Antenna Utilizing CubeSat's Characteristic Modes

TitleCompact UHF Antenna Utilizing CubeSat's Characteristic Modes
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsNarbudowicz, A, Chalermwisutkul, S, Soh, PJack, Jamlos, MF, Ammann, MJ
Conference NameEuropean Conference on Antennas and Propagation - EuCAP
Conference Start Date31/03/2019
Conference LocationKrakow, PL
Abstract

The paper investigates the use of CubeSat body as an UHF antenna for 435 MHz band. Since the lowest characteristic modes in 1U CubeSat become significant around 1 GHz, a set of four arms is developed to decrease this frequency and realize compact antenna that can be enclosed within in a sphere of 0.3 wavelength diameter. The antenna does not rely on any deployment mechanism, significantly increasing reliability of the satellite. Two use-cases are investigated: a linearly polarized with omnidirectional pattern and a bi-directional circularly polarized. Both offer broad beams with 1.6 dB gains, which is comparable to much larger deployable CubeSat antennas.