Low SAR Ferrite Handset Antenna Design

TitleLow SAR Ferrite Handset Antenna Design
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsKitra, MI, Panagamuwa, CJ, McEvoy, P, Vardaxoglou, JC, James, JR
Journal TitleIEEE Transactions on Antennas & Propagation
Journal Date04/2007
ISBN Number0018 926X

The benefits resulting from the inclusion of ferrite in material loaded antennas are investigated, initially through the use of a spherical analytic model and then through a transmission line matrix simulation tool applied to a rectangular slab geometry. It is observed that a material with equality of relative permittivity and permeability in combination with specific positioning of the antenna in relation to the head, can result in the definitive small-size, high efficiency and bandwidth, low specific absorption rate (SAR) antenna. The accuracy of the simulations is validated both through efficiency and SAR measurements of three material coated monopole samples. Further research into optimizing the above attributes and translating them into a handset antenna leads to a multiband antenna design covering the GSM 1800, 1900, UMTS and Bluetooth bands, with a SAR value reduced by 88% compared to conventional phones and an efficiency of 38% at 1.8 GHz. A tri-band antenna design is also presented, utilizing currently available lossy ferrite material and it is considered as the first step towards the feasibility of the ultimate low SAR multiband ferrite handset antenna, until further material development specifically for antenna applications takes place.



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